A Metal Chelating Porous Polymeric Support: The Missing Link for a Defect-free Metal-Organic Framework Composite Membrane

I. Barankova, X. Tan, L.F. Villalobos, E. Litwiller, K-V. Peinemann
Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center, volume 56, Issue 11, pp. 2965-2968 , (2017)

A Metal Chelating Porous Polymeric Support: The Missing Link for a Defect-free Metal-Organic Framework Composite Membrane

Keywords

Metal Chelating Porous Polymeric, MOFs, Gas Separation, Membranes, Inorganic Support

Abstract

​Since the discovery of size-selective metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), researchers have tried to incorporate these materials into gas separation membranes. Impressive gas selectivities were found, but these MOF membranes were mostly made on inorganic supports, which are generally too bulky and expensive for industrial gas separation. Forming MOF layers on porous polymer supports is industrially attractive but technically challenging. Two features to overcome these problems are described: 1) a metal chelating support polymer to bind the MOF layer, and 2) control of MOF crystal growth by contra-diffusion, aiming at a very thin nanocrystalline MOF layer. Using a metal chelating poly-thiosemicarbazide (PTSC) support and adjusting the metal and organic ligand concentrations carefully, a very compact ZIF-8 (ZIF=zeolitic imidazolate framework) layer was produced that displayed interference colors because of its smooth surface and extreme thinness—within the range of visible light. High performances were measured in terms of hydrogen/propane (8350) and propylene/propane (150) selectivity.

Code

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201611927

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