Experimental Mixed-Gas Permeability, Sorption and Diffusion of CO2-CH4 Mixtures in 6FDA-mPDA Polyimide Membrane: Unveiling the Effect of Competitive Sorption on Permeability Selectivity
G. Genduso, B.S. Ghanem, I. Pinnau
Membranes, 9(1), 10, (2019)
Mixed-gas sorption, Mixed-gas diffusion, Mixed-gas permeation, Competitive sorption, Gas separation membranes, 6FDA-mPDA polyimide
The nonideal behavior of polymeric membranes during separation of gas mixtures can be quantified via the solution-diffusion theory from experimental mixed-gas solubility and permeability coefficients. In this study, CO2-CH4 mixtures were sorbed at 35 °C in 4,4′-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic dianhydride (6FDA)-m-phenylenediamine (mPDA)—a polyimide of remarkable performance. The existence of a linear trend for all data of mixed-gas CO2 versus CH4 solubility coefficients—regardless of mixture concentration—was observed for 6FDA-mPDA and other polymeric films; the slope of this trend was identified as the ratio of gas solubilities at infinite dilution. The CO2/CH4 mixed-gas solubility selectivity of 6FDA-mPDA and previously reported polymers was higher than the equimolar pure-gas value and increased with pressure from the infinite dilution value. The analysis of CO2-CH4 mixed-gas concentration-averaged effective diffusion coefficients of equimolar feeds showed that CO2 diffusivity was not affected by CH4. Our data indicate that the decrease of CO2/CH4mixed-gas diffusion, and permeability selectivity from the pure-gas values, resulted from an increase in the methane diffusion coefficient in mixtures. This effect was the result of an alteration of the size sieving properties of 6FDA-mPDA as a consequence of CO2 presence in the 6FDA-mPDA film matrix.
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