Recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate) for High Temperature Solvent Resistant Membranes
B.A. Pulido, O.S. Habboub, S.L. Aristizabal, G. Szekely, S.P. Nunes
ACS Appl. Polym. Mater., 1, 9, pp. 2379-2387, (2019)
Recycled polymers, Porous membranes, Phase inversion membranes, Ultrafiltration, PET waste, Upcycling
Porous membranes of recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) were prepared by nonsolvent-induced phase separation (NIPS) and evaluated for the first time for the filtration in high temperature solvents and other harsh environments. The PET was recycled from commercial water bottles. The morphology, pore size, and pore density were optimized by varying the composition of the polymer concentration in the casting solution, the solvent, and the nonsolvent bath in conditions of controlled humidity and temperature. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) of 0.2 and 1 kg mol–1 was used as an additive and pore inducing agent. The filtration performance of the membranes was tested under different solvents and temperatures. The obtained PET membranes were successfully applied for ultrafiltration with a MWCO of 40 kg mol–1 in dimethylformamide (DMF) at temperatures up to 100 °C. PET membranes were found to be resistant to a wide variety of solvents as well as in chlorine and acid medium. They could be used as porous support for thin-film composite membranes and for different applications requiring high chemical and heat resistance.
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